Perth is the capital of Western Australia and the largest city in the state. The city occupies a narrow strip between the low coastal escarpment of Darling Scarp and the Indian Ocean.
Perth has an estimated population of just under two million residing in its scattered local government areas. It was colonised by the British Army in 1826 near Swan River, the area’s main watercourse. The whole state of Western Australia was consequently known as Swan River Colony until 1832, when it was officially designated Western Australia.
Perth is considered Australia’s sunniest capital, with hot summers and mild winters. The city encourage a laid-back, outdoor lifestyle with easy access to world-class beaches, rolling vistas and snow white sand dunes. A venture further inland takes you to the granite outcrops and breathtaking waterfalls of the Perth Hills.
Inhabitants of the sunny capital enjoy their temperate climate year round with expanse parklands, a myriad of arts festivals and instant access to the clear waters of Cottesloe Beach.
Tucked away in some of the most isolated terrain in the Southern Hemisphere, Perth has been dubbed the most remote city in the world. The nearest city to Perth with a population of more than 100,000 is Adelaide, the capital of South Australia.
Perth has an extensive metropolitan public transport system with trains, buses and ferries to facilitate getting around the city and its greater region.